Abstract for: Conceptual framework for the interactions between conventional and Alternative Fuel vehicles in the energy transition.

Challenges such as global warming, depleting reserves and threats to energy security necessitates a transition. The transport sector is one if the major culprits accounting for 24% of global emissions where light-duty vehicles and two and three wheelers account for 48% (3.5 BtCO2) of this. Hence, a transition in this subsector would greatly contribute to global combat against climate change. However, transitions in transport have existed since the earliest appearance of alternatives to the horse carriages and dominance of one Powertrain against others have been subject to certain factors influencing their interactions. This study adopts systems thinking approach and presents a conceptual framework that demonstrates the interactions between the most promising powertrains and identifies their most influencing factors. The factors cut across economic, social and technical factors and other crosscutting issues such as inter-power-train competition and spillover effects. Quantification and application of this framework is also recommended.