Abstract for: Optimizing Beekeeping Production through System Dynamics Modeling: A Case Study on Forecasting Bee Queen Rearing Capacity

Commercial bee queen rearing is an intensive process. To optimize bee queen rearing and choose the appropriate rearing strategy, the authors developed a system dynamics model with the aim of finding the optimal number of production units, appropriate product groups and their volumes, according to changes in income and time consumption. The model clearly showed the system's sensitivity to having too many production units, which led to ineffective use of nuclei, increased bee queen mortality, high human, and time resource costs etc. The model demonstrated how to predict the optimal production capacity and how inefficiency leads to the inevitable collapse of the bee queen rearing system, from which the bee queen breeder cannot recover during the season.