Abstract for: Policy evaluation of the energy transition towards zero and low emission technologies in road land transport in Colombia

In this paper, we will show the sub-model of the mass passenger transport segment, applied to Bogotá as a case of study, a city that stands out worldwide for the number of electric buses in operation, with a total of 1460 buses. In this case, the diesel, electric, gas, and hydrogen buses that are part of the Integrated Mass Transportation System "Transmilenio" are modeled. We also include the provisions of Law 1964 in its article 8 paragraph 3 [8], which establishes a gradual growth of electrical technologies between 2025 and 2035, and Law 2128, which establishes a percentage of mandatory inclusion of natural gas technologies were modeled as policies and the participation of hydrogen technologies as provided by the Hydrogen Roadmap of Colombia [9][10]. On the other hand, as monitoring indicators of the modeling results, the emissions avoided by upgrading to zero and low emission technologies and the costs that this could imply for the system are considered, considering the contractual models currently in force.