Abstract for: Sustainable Energy Modelling for the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja, Nigeria
The Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja, Nigeria is growing into a city creating challenges in operating sustainably, especially with regards to providing electrical energy security. There is no silver bullet to sustainable energy, but it has twin pillars of energy efficiency and renewable energy technology made up of a cocktail of strategies for sustainability. At the moment, the airport depends on energy supplied from the national grid as well as from diesel generating sets. The generating sets provide about 50% of the total consumption which enhances energy security using diesel at great cost. Energy security is a determinant of the ability of the airport to generate economic benefits to the capital city which in turn could affect the number of people traveling by air, therefore affecting energy usage at the airport and then affecting energy security again. The provision of diesel for energy security for the airport has been difficult to sustain and therefore, there is an increasing need for a sustainable solution. Renewable energy could tackle the energy security issues and enhance emission control hence reducing the airport’s impact on climate change. Heating, ventilation and air conditioning, lighting, Information and communication technology systems, and powering aircraft for turnaround operations are usually the most important energy consumers at airports (airside and landside).