Abstract for: Energy Consumption from Transportation and Residential Sectors in Singapore: A System Dynamics Approach

Singapore has no conventional energy resources and has limited options for renewable energy utilization and approximately 95% of Singapore’s electricity is produced from natural gas. This poses an energy security issue in Singapore as the country lacks natural resources due to its small geographical footprint. The total energy consumption can be divided into five main sectors, i.e. commercial, transport, residential, industry and the power sector. In this study, we focus on the energy consumption in transport and residential sectors under the given assumptions. Energy consumption will be measured in terms of electricity and fuel in both residential and transport sectors. Results suggest that energy consumption is determined by the urban density, amount of public transport infrastructure, trip volume by population. Further study and policy analysis work is in progress towards completion and subsequent publication.