Abstract for: Health and Wellbeing Deterioration in COVID-19: A small model exploring resiliency development during multiple waves of crisis

The COVID-19 pandemic poses waves of crisis to the socioeconomic system. Emerging research in the UK links the number of pandemic waves with deterioration in the population's mental health and well-being, indicating potential accumulative risks of multiple crises on the systems recovery. Resiliency describes how the system recovers from crisis events. Drawing from the reflections of COVID-19, we developed a small system dynamics model exploring how multiple waves of crises challenge individual and organisation resilience during a long pandemic. We found that ongoing environment adjustment and a lack of service provision resources can potentially increase accumulative risks from multiple crises, resulting in mental health and well-being deterioration. We highlighted that prevention and mental health system capacity remains the essential solution in decreasing the number of stressed people.