Abstract for: Electric motorcycles, keys to electric mobility in Colombia
One of the most important challenges for today's cities is more sustainable transport. Electric mobility is one of the means to reduce particulate matter and achieve sustainable low-carbon transport, however, electric mobility policies related to private transport have focused on certain types of vehicles, especially cars. In developing countries such as Colombia, motorcycles are the true protagonists in the automotive fleet. In this paper, we study the penetration of electric motorcycles in the Colombian automotive fleet under different scenarios. The model has four interconnected modules: 1) motorcycle inventory dynamics, 2) attractiveness electric motorcycles, 3) charging points, and 4) electricity consumption and emissions. In this work two policies are evaluated: one focused on replacement and the other on the advertising of electric transport to motivate "imitation". The policy with the best results was replacement, where a fleet of 8.8 electric motorcycles is reached by 2050 and the emission of 139.1 megatons of CO2 is avoided between 2016 and 2050.