Abstract for: Management of Voltage Control Using Distributed Generation in the Colombian Power System: a system dynamics approach

This paper presents a study on the penetration of Distributed Generation (DG) under the consideration of a proposal for trading, environmental, and technical incentives, in the Colombian power system. To quantify the technical incentives, we simulated a part of the Colombian grid presents some busbars, low levels of voltage. We connect the busbars "problem", distributed generation and we found an increase in voltage that in a controlled manner can to help to better quality and continuity of electricity supply. Environmental and trade incentives were quantified using international experiences. In addition, we built a system dynamics model to evaluation the complete proposal. We found that the current incentives presented in the Colombian regulation such as tax breaks are insufficient to cover the total costs. Moreover, environmental incentives can be an efficient way to promote renewable energy use in Colombia, in order to achieve, more generating capacity with less pollution indices; and technical incentives in conjunction with environmental incentives can improve further the growth of DG in Colombia. Thus, the DG diffusion become an additional tool for the operator of the interconnected system to make voltage control, improve the quality, and security of electrical power systems.