Abstract for: Food or Energy? Is that the question?

Bioenergy currently draws worldwide attention and investments. Proponents argue that the large-scale development of bioenergy could be (part of) the solution for diversifying energy sources, enhancing security of energy supply, and meeting environmental and rural development objectives. Opponents argue that it could threaten agricultural food prices/production/security, wildlife areas, and international trade flows. System Dynamics models of the EU27 bioenergy/biofuel sector are developed in this paper in order to investigate these issues.