The Egyptian stock market has been experiencing a set of fluctuations over the past two years. This was caused by several factors that include the behavior of the Egyptian Economy, as well as the performance of the other Middle Eastern stock markets. In this paper we use System Dynamics as a tool for mapping the performance of the CASE 30, Egyptian Stock market index, to identify the various interacting feedback loops that triggered such performance. These loops are then incorporated in a system dynamics model that is used to understand the causes of such performance as well as developing several scenarios for managing the various factors affecting the Egyptian stock market.