Abstract for: A system dynamics-based model of the socio-technical systems of household energy and carbon emissions
There have been concerns over sustainability issues around the world, especially when it comes to the way energy is used and corresponding environmental impacts in the form of climate change, global warming, etc. Reduction in household energy consumption is seen as a way to curtail this menace. This paper argues that the issue of household energy consumption and carbon emissions (HECCE) is a complex technical and social phenomenon that needs to be understood from both engineering and social science perspectives. This research used the concept of socio-technical systems as the theoretical framework that underpins the study. The research applied system dynamics as both the methodology and tool to model HECCE. The result is a population of outcomes for the HECCE in the form of space heating, hot water, artificial lighting, appliances, and cooking. The tool produced is an intuitive one with the capability of replicating reality as evidenced from the outcomes of validation done. The sensitivity of different policy levers (occupants’ behaviour, insulation level, etc.) is done with the tool. This would go a long way in helping decision makers draw more realistic policies for household energy consumption which is critical to the carbon emissions reductions agenda of the government.