Abstract for: Modeling of the Air-Pollution Emergency Situations Control and Geographical Information Processing for Rescue Decision Making
GEPSUS, decision support system for handling hazardous air pollutant releases was developed based on a Gaussian simulation model of air pollution dispersion using MATLAB. For the Gaussian model the following assumptions apply: a) the smokestack emission is constant and continuous, b) flat homogeneous terrain, and c) the wind speed is constant. It is assumed that in the main wind direction, x, advection dominates over diffusion and dispersion. A detailed outline of the system integration is provided, which includes aspects of hydro-meteorological data, eco-toxicological data, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), user input, and system output including a description of threat zones and evacuation plans using a geo-browser. The Gaussian air-pollution dispersion simulation model is linked to the GIS by generating the output in KML file format. Several simulation scenarios were considered using meteorological data sets of wind speed, wind direction and ambient temperature. The developed simulation model and decision support system is intended to facilitate rapid emergency response for both deliberate and accidental air pollution releases. System dynamics model is developed to address the crisis mitigation issues.